Portmoak Community Woodland

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Ecology

The first thing to say about the Portmoak Community Woodlands is they they are bonny wee places to go for a walk. But how did they get to be like they are? On the geological timescale, how was our landscape formed? Later on, how did the activities of people change things, and what are we doing today to try to restore our woodlands back to a more natural ecosystem?

Here is some background reading:

 
Woodland Trust Management Plan: Portmoak Moss
For the period 2017 - 2022
    177 KB .pdf
Woodland Trust Management Plan: Kilmagad Wood
For the period 2016 - 2021
    154K B .pdf
 Let's Talk Bogs

One of our team, Marjorie Smith, got funded by the Scottish Government and the Primary Science Teaching Trust to develop this excellent resource on bogs

   Web link
 Management Options for Portmoak Moss  Consultant report by Robin Payne, sponsored by LLLP and SNH, February 2015     2.6 MB .pdf
 Boginar 2012   Final report on the Boginar, 16 Nov 2012  1300 KB .pdf

Portmoak Moss: an historical perspective

A time-line of the evolution of Portmoak Moss

  469 KB .pdf

Biodiversity action plans

Introduction and overview on biodiversity

    73 KB .pdf

Bog restoration: theory and practice

The development of peat bogs and restoration work at Portmoak Moss

    30 KB  .pdf

 

Insects, moths, butterflies, dragonflies, bumblebees

There's an amazing number of insects living in the Moss - and the diversity has increased a lot because of the work that has been done to restore the peat dome. Butterfly Conservation  http://www.eastscotland-butterflies.org.uk/  do an incredible job of monitoring and recording moths and butterflies across the UK. Our local people are George Guthrie and Duncan Davidson. If you ever see strange lights in the Moss late at night, there's a good chance that it's George trapping moths and butterflies ready to identify, count and record them. Sometimes they put on special events for us too.


This file shows what they've seen on the Moss so far in 2018

This file shows what they saw on the Moss so far in 2017 - there's 102 species.
This map shows the transects that they use.

Bog snorkeling data

We've been gathering data about the change in water levels since the moss was cleared and the drainage channels were dammed. This graph shows what's happened. It's pretty obvious that when it doesn't rain much, the water level goes down and when it does rain the water level goes up. The other thing that we can say is that overall the water level has risen by more than 250 mm and on average is currently less than 150mm below the surface. The gap in data in 2015 is when the surface of the raised bog was mulched: that meant that it was leveled and drainage routes were filled in with peat. We saw that the water table got closer to the surface but where the level dropped again - this was a period of low rainfall for a couple of months. We need to find rainfall data for that period. With the water table this close to the surface we're optimistic that the regeneration into a raised peat bog will take place.

Water table data